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In most countries professionals doing specialized psychotherapeutic work also require a program of continuing education after the basic degree.As sensitive and deeply personal topics are often discussed during psychotherapy, therapists are expected, and usually legally bound, to respect client or patient confidentiality.Certain psychotherapies are considered evidence-based for treating some diagnosed mental disorders.There are over a thousand different psychotherapies, some being minor variations, while others are based on very different conceptions of psychology, ethics (how to live) or techniques.In the United Kingdom, psychotherapy is voluntarily regulated.National registers for psychotherapists and counsellors are maintained by three main umbrella bodies: The United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP), The British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and The British Psychoanalytic Council.
The Oxford English Dictionary defines it now as "The treatment of disorders of the mind or personality by psychological methods..." The American Psychological Association adopted a resolution on the effectiveness of psychotherapy in 2012 based on a definition developed by John C.
The government and Health and Care Professions Council considered mandatory legal registration but decided that it was best left to professional bodies to regulate themselves, so the Professional Standards Authority for Health and Social Care (PSA) launched an Accredited Voluntary Registers scheme.
In some states, counselors or therapists must be licensed to use certain words and titles on self-identification or advertising: in some other states, the restrictions on practice are more closely associated with the charging of fees.
Clinical social workers may have specialized training and practical experience in psychotherapy.
Many of the wide variety of training programs and institutional settings are multi-professional.Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change and overcome problems in desired ways.