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26-Feb-2016 23:38

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This will transform the system from a self-regulating one into an oversight system that is more responsive as well as proactive. There will be a number of ways to address complaints, starting with dispute resolution by the Privacy Shield company and free of charge alternative dispute resolution solutions.

Individuals can also go to the Data protection authorities who will work together with the U. Department of Commerce and Federal Trade Commission to ensure that complaints by individuals are investigated and resolved.

How can individuals obtain redress in the US if their data is misused by commercial companies? It specifies that data collection by the intelligence services should, as a rule, be targeted.

Redress in the area of national security for individuals will be handled by an Ombudsperson independent from the US intelligence services.The newly created Ombudsperson mechanism will handle and solve complaints or enquiries raised by EU individuals in this context. An “adequacy decision” is a decision adopted by the European Commission, which establishes that a non-EU country ensures an adequate level of protection of personal data by reason of its domestic law and international commitments. Privacy Shield framework ensures an adequate level of protection for personal data transferred to the U. The EU-US Privacy Shield consists of Privacy Principles that companies must abide by and commitments on how the arrangement will be enforced (written commitments and assurance by the State Secretary John Kerry, Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker, the Federal Trade Commission and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, amongst others). The US Department of Commerce will monitor and actively verify that companies' privacy policies are in line with the relevant Privacy Shield principles and readily available to the public.The effect of such a decision is that personal data can flow from the 28 EU Member States (and the three European Economic Area member countries: Norway, Liechtenstein and Iceland) to that third country, without any further restrictions. The US has committed to maintaining an updated list of current Privacy Shield members and removing those companies that have left the arrangement. Government and Congress launched important surveillance reforms in response to the Snowden revelations.What will be the role of the Ombudsperson mechanism?

The possibility for redress in the area of national security for everybody whose data is transferred to the U. will be handled by an Ombudsperson, independent from the US intelligence services.

" There is a legal gray area in most states, but a sweeping Associate Press report found that it is definitely illegal in at least 18 US states to publicly share a photo of a ballot.